1. Personal Details
Name Dr. Dan Diaper, Ph.D., MBCS CITP.
Telephone +44 (0)1202 523172
Mobile +44 (0)7840 539957
Date of birth May 9th. 1955
Marital status Married with adult daughter
2. Educational and Professional Qualifications
1973-76 B.Sc. (Psychology), 2.1, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
1990® Member of the British Computer Society - Chartered Information Technology Professional.
2002-04 Member of the
3. Employment Record
1982-86 Research Assistant/Fellow, Ergonomics Unit, University
1986-89 Senior Lecturer, Section
1989-96 Lecturer, Department of
1996-98 Head of Department of
Professor of Systems Science and Engineering.
1998-04 Research Chair,
Professor of Systems Science and Engineering.
2004-06 Senior Research Fellow,
School of Computing Science,
2007-2012 DDD SYSTEMS - consultant to industry on
task and general systems analysis and on artificial intelligence at
2013 Online Tutor and
4. R&D Interests
This keyword list represents the range of topics on which Dr. Diaper has published research work.
Task Analysis Systems Analysis
Expert/Knowledge Based Systems Software Engineering
Intelligent Interfaces Natural Language Processing
Simulations User Modelling
Hypertext/Hypermedia Organisational Modelling
Structured Design Methods Computer Supported Cooperative Work
Software Tools System and User Interface Evaluation
Training Collaborative Writing
Requirements and Design Specification Large Document Management Systems
Knowledge Elicitation Artificial Intelligence
Formal Methods Object Oriented Systems
Functional Specification Soft Systems Methodology
Epistemology Small Scale Programming
Safety Critical Systems Global Information Technology
Distance Learning Web Page Design
Universal Accessibility Activity Theory
1982-1996 Total personal research and consultancy funding about £0.5M. Sources include: SERC (Alvey 1), EPSRC, DTI, Racal Automation, Intel Corp., British Telecom.
1996-2004 Dr. Diaper was involved in his
Department’s income generation, particularly from industry.
2006-2009 Recognised Researcher (2006) and commercial consultant (from 2007) on EPSRC grant EP/D059720 – ‘Natural Language Parsing using Cell Assemblies: Computational Linguistics with Attractor Nets’. Total value (pre-Full Economic Costing) £207K.
2009-2010 Researcher/Consultant on the Higher Education Academy Subject Centre for Business Management Accountancy and Finance project ‘Formative Aspects of Summative Assessment’.
5. Teaching Experience
1986-89 Psychology: Experimental Psychology, Human Information Processing, Philosophy, Information Technology, Expert/Knowledge Based Systems.
1989-2006 Computer Science: Software Engineering, Human-Computer
Interaction, User Interface Design, Automated Office Applications, Task Analysis, Computer Supported Cooperative Work, Knowledge Based Systems, Speech & Natural Language, Soft Systems, Ethics & Professionalism, Research Methods and Statistics, IT Governance & Law.
1986-2004 External Assessor, M.Sc. Ergonomics and M.Sc. Human-
2008 Lecture and seminars to MBA students at
1988® General Editor (until 1999), Interacting with Computers: The
Interdisciplinary Journal of Human-Computer Interaction,
Elsevier. Continuing as Editor Emeritus/Founding Editor on IwC’s General Editorial and Management Board.
1989-2014 Advisory Editorial Board, Knowledge-Based Systems, Elsevier.
1992→ Co-Editor, Computer Supported Cooperative Work book
series, Springer. Continued as Associate Editor of the merged Springer and Kluwer CSCW book series. Approx. 35 books published when co-editor.
1997-2000 Editorial Board member, International Journal of Cognition,
Technology & Work, Springer.
Editor of five professionally published conference proceedings and five books.
7. Committee Experience
British Computer Society:
Department of Trade and
CSCW SIG Executive and Chair of the SIG, DTI
8. Conferences and Meetings
Speaker: Number of papers presented at conferences or meetings approx. 25
Chair: Session or meeting chair at approx. 25 events.
Tutorials: Number of tutorials given at conferences approx. 10
N.B. A similar number have been given to industry.
 Diaper, D. (1984) An Approach to IKBS Development Based on a Review of `Conceptual Structures: Information Processing in Mind and Machine' by J. F. Sowa. Behaviour and Information Technology, 3, 3, 249-255.
 Johnson, P., Diaper, D and Long, J. (1984) Syllabi for Training in Information Technology. in Contemporary Ergonomics 1984. (Ed. Megaw, E.), 92-97. Taylor and Francis.
 Johnson, P., Diaper, D and Long, J. (1984) Tasks, Skills and Knowledge: Task Analysis for Knowledge Based Descriptions. In Interact'84 - First IFIP conference on Human-Computer Interaction. (Ed. Shackel, B.), 1, 23-27. Elsevier.
 Johnson, P., Diaper, D and Long, J. (1985) Task Analysis in Interactive Systems Design and Evaluation. in Analysis, Design and Evaluation of Man-Machine Systems. (Eds. Johannsen, G., Mancini, G. and Martensson, L.), 123-127. Pergamon Press.
Diaper, D. (1986) Identifying the Knowledge Requirements of an Expert System's Natural
Language Processing Interface. in People
and Computers: Designing for Usability.
(Eds. Harrison, M.D. and Monk, A.F.), 263-280.
 Diaper, D. (1986) Will Expert Systems Be Safe? in Second International Expert Systems Conference. 561-572. Learned Information.
 Diaper, D. (1987) POMESS: A People Orientated Methodology for Expert System Specification. in Proceedings of the First European Workshop on Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge Based Systems. (Eds. Addis, T., Boose, J. and Gaines, B.).
 Diaper, D. (1987) Designing Systems for People: Beyond User Centred Design. in Software Engineering. Proceedings of the Share European Association (SEAS) Anniversary Meeting, 283-302.
Diaper, D. (1987) Satisfying Goals: An Introduction to People and Computers III. in People and Computers III. (Eds. Diaper, D. and Winder, R.), 1-8.
Diaper, D. and
 Diaper, D. (1988) Task Analysis for Knowledge Descriptions: Building a Task Descriptive Hierarchy. in Contemporary Ergonomics 1988. (Ed. Megaw, E.), 118-124. Taylor and Francis.
 Diaper, D. (1988) Natural Language Communication with Computers: Theory, Needs and Practice. in KBS in Government. (Ed. Duffin, P.), 19-44. Blenheim Online.
 Diaper, D. (1988) The Promise of POMESS. in Proceedings of Human and Organisational Issues of Expert Systems. Ergonomics Society.
Diaper, D. (1989) The Wizard's Apprentice: A Program to Help Analyse Natural Language
Dialogues. in People and
Computers V. (Eds. Sutcliffe, A. and
Macaulay, L.), 231-244.
 Diaper, D. (1989) The Discipline of Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting with Computers, 1, 1, 3-5.
 Diaper, D. (1989) Bridging the Gulf between Requirements and Design. In Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society Conference on Simulation in the Development of User Interfaces. 129-145.
Diaper, D. (1989) Giving HCI Away. in People and Computers V. (Eds. Sutcliffe,
A. and Macaulay, L.), 109-120.
 Diaper, D. (1989) Knowledge Acquisition in Perspective. In Knowledge Acquisition for Expert Systems. 1-14. Conference at the Cafe Royal, September 8th. IBC Technical Services Ltd.
 Diaper, D. (1989) Task Observation for Human-Computer Interaction. in Task Analysis for Human-Computer Interaction. (Ed.) Diaper, D., 210-237. Ellis Horwood.
 Diaper, D. (1989) Task Analysis for Knowledge Descriptions (TAKD): The Method and an Example. in Task Analysis for Human-Computer Interaction. (Ed. Diaper, D.), 108-159. Ellis Horwood.
Diaper, D. (1989) Designing Expert Systems: From Dan to
Diaper, D. and Johnson, P. (1989) Task Analysis for Knowledge Descriptions:
Theory and Application in Training.
In Cognitive Ergonomics and
Human-Computer Interaction. (Eds.
Long, J. and Whitefield. A.), 191-224.
Diaper, D. and
Barlow, J., Beer, M., Bench-Capon, T., Diaper, D., Dunne, P. and Rada, R.
(1989) Expertext: Hypertext-Expert Systems Theory, Synergy and Applications. in Expert Systems VI. (Ed. Shadbolt, N.), 116-127.
 Barlow, J., Rada, R. and Diaper, D. (1989) Interacting WITH Computers. Interacting with Computers, 1, 1, 39-42.
 Diaper, D. (1990) An Organisational Context for Expert System Design. in Expert Systems: Human Issues. (Eds. Berry, D. and Hart, A.), 214-236. Chapman and Hall.
Diaper, D. (1990) Simulation: A Stepping Stone between Requirements and Design. in Simulation and the User Interface. (Eds.) Life, A., Narborough-Hall, C. and
 Diaper, D. (1990) Analysing Focused Interview Data with Task Analysis for Knowledge Descriptions (TAKD). in Human-Computer Interaction: Interact'90. (Eds). Diaper, D., Gilmore, D., Cockton, G. and Shackel, B., 277-282. Elsevier.
 Diaper, D. and Beer, M. (1990) Headed Record Expertext and Document Applications. in Hypertext Update. , 63-69. UNICOM Seminars.
Narula, I, Diaper, D., Birley, M. and Mehra, S. (1990) CaLM:
Computer-assisted Learning in Medicine and the
Diaper, D. (1991) Giving Referees their Head. in
People and Computers VI.
(Eds.) Diaper, D. and Hammond, N., pp. 3-7,
Diaper, D. and
Diaper, D. and Beer, M. (1991) Developing User Interfaces for Headed Record
Expertext. in Proceedings of the UKUUG (United Kingdom UNIX
system User Group) Conference:
Interfacing Unix to The User. (Ed.
 Diaper, D. and Rada, R. (1991) Expertext: Hyperising Expert Systems and Expertising Hypertext. in Brown, H. (Ed.) Hypermedia/Hypertext and Object Oriented Databases. 125-163. Chapman and Hall.
Beer, M. and Diaper, D. (1991)
Narula, I. and Diaper, D. (1991) Third World Continuing Medical Education
with Hypertext: The
 Rada, R. and Diaper, D. (1991) Converting Text to Hypertext and Vice Versa. in Brown, H. (Ed.) Hypermedia/Hypertext and Object Oriented Databases. 167-200. Chapman and Hall.
Diaper, D. and
Diaper, D. and
 Diaper, D. (1993) Small Scale Collaborative Writing using Electronic Mail. in CSCW in Practice: An Introduction and Case Studies. (Eds. Diaper, D. and Sanger, C.), 69-92. Springer-Verlag.
 Diaper, D. (1993) CSCW: Psychology, Sociology and Computing. BCS Bulletin, Feb. Issue.
 Seward, R., Diaper, D. and Sanger, C. (1993) The Pod: A Purpose-built Environment to Support Group Working. in CSCW in Practice: An Introduction and Case Studies. (Eds. Diaper, D. and Sanger, C.), 151-162. Springer-Verlag.
 Diaper, D. (1994) Small Scale CSCW Systems in Spurr, K., Layzell, P., Jennison, L. and Richards, N. (Eds.) Computer Support for Cooperative Work. 89-107. Wiley.
Diaper, D. and Sahithi, P.S. (1995) Red Faces over User Interfaces: What Should Colour be User For? in People
and Computers X. 425-435.
 Diaper, D. and Beer, M. (1995) Collaborative Document Annotation using Electronic Mail. Journal of Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 3, 297-325. Kluwer.
 Diaper, D. (1997) Integrating Human-Computer Interaction and Software Engineering Requirements Analysis: A Demonstration of Task Analysis Supporting Entity Modelling. SIGCHI Bulletin, 29, 1.
 Diaper, D., McKearney, S. and Hurne, J. (1998) Integrating Task and Data Flow Analyses using the Pentanalysis Technique. Ergonomics, 41, 11, 1553-1583.
Diaper, D. and Kadoda, G. (1999) The
Process Perspective. in Brooks, L. and Kimble, C. (Eds.)
 Zhu, H., Jin, L. and Diaper, D. (1999) Testing Software Requirements with Task Analysis. 11th. International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (SEKE’99). 239-245.
 Diaper, D. (2000) Hardening Soft Systems Methodology. in McDonald, S., Waern, Y. and Cockton, G. (Eds.) People and Computers XIV. 183-204. Springer.
 Diaper, D. and Waelend, P. (2000) World Wide Web Working Whilst Ignoring Graphics: Good News for Web Page Designers. Interacting with Computers, 13, 2, 163-181.
Diaper, D. (2000) One Person and Their Dog Performing Electronic Lecturing. in Jin, Q., Li, J., Zhang, N., Cheng, J.
Yu,C. and Noguchi, S. (Eds.) International
Conference on Information Society and the 21st. Century: Emerging
Technologies and New Challenges (IS2000,
N.B. The CD-ROM e-lecture of this paper received a “Special Award”.
N.B. The conference proceedings were never published in a paper format.
 Diaper, D. (2001) Task Analysis for Knowledge Descriptions (TAKD): A Requiem for a Method. Behaviour and Information Technology. 20, 3, 199-212.
 Diaper, D. (2001) The Model Matters: Constructing and Reasoning with Heterarchical Structural Models. in Kadoda, G. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Psychology of Programming Interest Group 13th. Annual Workshop. 17th.-20th. April, 2001. 191-206.
 Diaper, D. (2002) Human-Computer Interaction. in Meyers, R.B. (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology. 3rd. Ed. vol. 7, 393-400. Academic Press.
N.B. A Do-It-Yourself Electronic Lecture (DIYEL) version of this encyclopedia article is available for running on PCs using Microsoft PowerPoint.
 Zhu, H., Jin, L., Diaper, D. and Bai, G. (2002) Software Requirements Validation via Task Analysis. Journal of Systems and Software, 61, 145-169.
 Diaper, D. (2002) Waves of Task Analysis. Interfaces, 50, 8-10. British HCI Group. ISSN 1351-119X.
 Diaper, D. (2002) Scenarios and Task Analysis. Interacting with Computers, 14, 4, 379-395.
 Diaper, D. (2002) Task Scenarios and Thought. Interacting with Computers, 14, 5, 629-638.
 Diaper, D. and Worman, L. (2003) Two Falls out of Three in the Automated Accessibility Assessment of World Wide Web Sites: A-Prompt v. Bobby. in Johnson, P., Palanque, P. and O’Neill, E. (Eds.) People and Computers XVII. 349-363. Springer-Verlag.
 Diaper, D., May, J., Cockton, G., Dray, S., Benyon, D., Bevan, N. and McEwan, T. (2003) Exposing, Exploring, Exploding Task Analysis Myths. HCI2003 proceedings 2, 225-6. British HCI Group. ISSN 1-897851-1--3.
 Diaper, D. (2003) Systemic Task Analysis. HCI2003 proceedings 2, 203-4. British HCI Group. ISSN 1-897851-1--3.
Diaper, D. (2004) Understanding Task Analysis for Human-Computer Interaction. in
Diaper, D. and Stanton, N.A. (Eds.) The Handbook of Task Analysis for
Human-Computer Interaction. 5-47.
Diaper, D. and Stanton, N.A. (2004) Wishing on a sTAr: The Future of Task
Analysis for Human-Computer Interaction. in Diaper, D. and Stanton, N.A.
(Eds.) The Handbook of Task Analysis for Human-Computer Interaction. 603-619.
Diaper, D. (2004) An Introduction to Systemic Task Analysis. in Dearden, A. and
 Diaper, D. (2005) An Introduction to the ‘All Thought Is Scenarios’ (ATIS) Hypothesis: Practical Applied Psychology for Non-Psychologists. Abstract in the European Society for the Study of Cognitive Systems 22nd. Annual Workshop, 5-6, 1-3 July.
 Diaper, D. (2005) In-use Computing Tasks, In-situ Work Evaluation with SAM (the Systemic Analysis Method). Paper at the BCS In-Use, In-Situ: Extending Research Field Methods workshop. IDC Technical Report IDC-TR-2005-4, 30-35. 27-28 October.
 Diaper, D. (2006) Task Analysis at the Heart of Human-Computer Interaction. in Ghaoudi, C. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction. 579-587. Information Science Publishing.
 Diaper, D. and Sanger, C. (2006) Tasks For and Task In Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting with Computers, 18, 1, 117-138.
 Diaper, D. (2006) Joint Cognitive Task Design. American Journal of Psychology, 119 (2), 338-347.
Huyck, C., Diaper, D., Belavkin, R. and Kenny,
 Diaper, D., Huyck, C., Amavasai, B., Cheng, X. and Oussalah, M. (2007) Intelligently Engineering Artificial Intelligence Engineering: The Cognitive Architectures Competition. In Kaminka, G.A. and Burghart, C.R. (eds.) Evaluating Architectures for Intelligence. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Workshop, Technical Report WS-07-04, 23-26. AAAI Press.
 Diaper, D (2008) Reactionary Engagements with Activity Theory. Interacting with Computers, 20 (2), 260-266.
 Diaper, D. and Lindgaard, G. (2008) West Meets East: Adapting Activity Theory for HCI & CSCW Applications? Interacting with Computers, 20 (2), 240-246.
 Byrne, E., Diaper, D. and Huyck, C. (2009) Collaborating with Neural Network-based Artificial
Intelligence Agents. in: 2009 International Conference on Intelligent
User Interfaces: Human Interaction with Intelligent & Networked
 Diaper, D. and Lindgaard,
G. (2010) Migrating Activity Theory to HCI and CSCW Applications. in Evers, V., Abdelnour-Nocera, J. and
 Huyck, C., Belavkin, R., Jamshed, F., Nadh, K.,
Passmore, P., Byrne, E. and Diaper, D. (2011) CABot3: A Simulated Neural Games Agent. 7th International Workshop
on Neural-Symbolic Learning and Reasoning, NeSy'11, IJCAI 2011,
Diaper, D. (2011) A Formal Systems Approach to Machine Capture, Representation and Use of
Activity Context. in Activity
Context Representation: Techniques and Languages. 14-19, AAAI Press. From the workshop at the 25th.
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence conference,
 Diaper, D and Huyck, C. (2019) The Task Analysis Cell Assembly Perspective. arXiv.org, Cornell University.
Diaper, D. and Winder, R. (1987) People and Computers III.
[B2] Diaper, D. (1989) Knowledge Elicitation: Principles, Techniques and Applications. Ellis Horwood.
[B3] Diaper, D. (1989) Task Analysis for Human-Computer Interaction. Ellis Horwood.
[B4] Diaper, D., Gilmore, D., Cockton, G. and Shackel, B. (1990) Human-Computer Interaction: Interact'90. Elsevier: North-Holland.
Diaper, D. and Hammond, N. (1991) People and Computers VI.
Monk, A.F., Diaper, D. and
[B7] Diaper, D. and Sanger, C. (1993) CSCW in Practice: An Introduction and Case Studies. Springer-Verlag.
Alty, J., Diaper, D. and Guest, S. (1993) People
and Computers VIII.
Diaper, D. and Stanton, N.A. (2004) The Handbook of Task Analysis for
[B10] Duquenoy, P., Jones, S., Rahanu, H. and Diaper, D. (2005) Social, Legal and Professional Issues of Computing. Global Campus series: Middlesex University Press.